Source: Alicia_Harper/Pixabay A recent study by Chey and colleagues, published in Gastroenterology , reviews the latest behavioral and diet therapies for irritable bowel syndrome , a chronic gastrointestinal condition affecting over 10% of people. Let me first explain what irritable bowel syndrome is and how it is diagnosed. What is irritable bowel syndrome? The diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) relies neither on X-ray nor blood tests. In fact, the diagnosis of IBS is based mainly on symptoms: Episodes of abdominal pain (e. g ., cramping) and bloating/distention associated with changes in bowel habits (i.e. frequency, stool appearance) or disordered bowel habits (diarrhea, constipation, or a mixture). It was once assumed IBS symptoms improve with defecation; however, that is no longer part of the definition of IBS because for some patients, passing a bowel movement does not improve IBS symptoms; sometimes it makes them worse. Irritable bowel syndrome … [Read more...] about Science-Based Behavioral Treatments for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
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New research suggest young male friendships have been hit hardest. Source: filadendron/iStock How much do you miss your friends? A lot, I’m willing to bet. The forced lack of in-person social connection that the Covid-19 pandemic has brought has been painful and prolonged. Friends are supposed to be able to be there for each other in a crisis, but this crisis looks and feels different. Coming together in person is exactly what we haven’t been able do. The isolation has been difficult for just about everyone. But it looks like it has been harder for some of us than for others. Men, young people and less educated people have experienced more negative effects on their friendships during the pandemic than other groups. For instance, they reported feeling lonelier and less satisfied with their friends. Those feelings in turn made the same people more likely to engage in risky social behavior such as attending large parties. Those results come from a preliminary report on … [Read more...] about How Friendship has Changed in the Pandemic
Key Points: Younger adults were more likely than older individuals to report that their friendships had suffered during the pandemic. Because of the ways they tend to interact with friends, men's friendships appear to have suffered more during the pandemic than women's. In the pandemic, rather than experiencing friendships as an outlet for managing risk, many have come to view them as a source of risk. How much do you miss your friends? A lot, I’m willing to bet. The forced lack of in-person social connection that the Covid-19 pandemic enforced has been painful and prolonged. Friends are supposed to be able to be there for each other in a crisis, but this crisis looks and feels different. Coming together in person is exactly what we haven’t been able do. The isolation has been difficult for just about everyone. But it looks like it has been harder for some of us than for others. Men, young people, and less educated people have experienced more negative effects … [Read more...] about How Friendship Has Changed in the Pandemic
Think about the really honest people in your life, maybe a spouse or co-worker or best friend. Do they tend to swear a lot? Or flip it around: Are the people who you view as the most dishonest – the most likely to lie, cheat, or steal – also the ones who tend to have a fairly clean mouth? Speak Truth Source: Photo by Brett Jordan on Unsplash More generally, would you expect cursing to be associated with higher or lower honesty? We can imagine arguments on both sides. On the one hand, we might think that as cursing goes up, a person’s honesty goes down. After all, profanity sometimes goes against societal standards for good behavior. So does dishonesty. Profanity can be used to harm others. So can dishonesty. Profanity can be a sign of lack of self-control . Same with dishonesty. Profanity can indicate a shady or untrustworthy character. Dishonesty, naturally enough, undermines trust. But hold on a minute. We can also make a strong case that cursing and honesty go … [Read more...] about Are People Who Curse Actually More Honest?
The quote to “stand on the shoulders of giants” is the perfect way to describe the video game industry. Games all build off of their predecessors, sometimes literally. It is strange to think now that we’re so many generations in, but many of the mainstays of video games were only first experimented with a few decades ago. These pioneering games played with mechanics, perspective, visuals, and ideas that had quite literally never been attempted before. The earliest video games took inspiration from real-world games and sports, but the potential of the medium pushed creative developers to try new things that were not possible outside of games. Not all were a success, and not every unique idea caught on, but those that did shaped the industry in ways we can still see today. These games may not be the first to do what they did, but were the ones that caused some kind of shift in the gaming landscape. Without these influential titles, gaming as we know it would look very different today. … [Read more...] about The most influential video games of all time